It is not possible to create an invoice for a subscription that has an “immediate charge without payment”. However, you can use workarounds to achieve this.
Using Chargebee’s Hosted Pages
The plan for which the subscription is created should have a trial period or a full discount to avoid immediate charges and checkout without payment; it applies only when you use Chargebee’s hosted pages.
Using API or Chargebee’s admin console
Set the auto-collection status of the customer as OFF while creating the subscription and later use the Update payment method link to get the card details.
Related articles and Documentation
Does Chargebee support recurring billing?
How to stop the invoice related notifications to child accounts?